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tiengulden
02-21-2006, 12:53 AM
I need the nomenclature of guns urgentl.
for example "bullet: A usually metal projectile in the shape of a pointed cylinder or a ball that is expelled from a firearm, especially a rifle or a handgun."
Please help me!

Milehigh
02-21-2006, 12:58 AM
I think you want a definition of the word gun?

Gun: 1) A weapon consisting of a metal tube from which a projectile is fired at high velocity into a relatively flat trajectory

2)A portable firearm, such as a rifle or revolver

tiengulden
02-21-2006, 01:20 AM
Yes!

A

ACP: Automatic Colt Pistol, 柯爾特自動手槍子彈. 由柯爾特公司設計, 一系列用於其生產的半自動手槍子彈名稱. 有.25 ACP, .32 ACP, .380 ACP, .45ACP等.

Action: 槍機。 為槍械的心臟。 不同的作業原理形成不同的槍機。 一般是包括機匣、 板機、 槍栓等控制上彈、 閉鎖、 擊發、 退殼等動作相關機件的統稱。

Accurize: 精準化. 使槍械更精確. 一般是使各機件配合的更緊密, 減少可動的空隙, 該動的零件則使其更平滑, 換裝較佳品質的零組件等.

Air Gauge:氣量儀,製造槍管時,利用此儀器氣體流量的多少,來判定槍管內部的公差,高品質槍管的內徑非常一致,公差在十萬分之一吋以下, 多用於精密槍管品質控制。

Ambidextrous: 左右雙相. 槍械的控制功能如退彈匣鈕, 滑套卡榫及保險鈕等可用左手或右手操作.

Anvil: 底火基座. 彈殼中與底火接壤的部位, 當底火被壓向基座時引發起爆, 上有噴火口導引噴流進入火藥室.

Aperture sight, peep sight: 覘孔式照門.

Armor Piercing: 穿甲彈. 配有鋼心的彈頭, 以動能擊穿裝甲.

Assault Rifle: 突擊步槍. 此名詞最早源自納粹德國的希特勒, 他將Stg 44 (Sturmgewehr 44) 取名為突擊步槍, 因為這一類的步槍不使用大型步槍彈, 而使用一種中等強度的子彈, 且有全自動發射的能力, 算是一種新類型的武器. 是現代步兵的標準單兵武器.




B

Ballistic: 彈道學. 研究子彈擊發後物理行為的學問, 一般分成內膛彈道, 外膛彈道和終端彈道三大主題.

Ballistic Coefficient: 彈道效率系數. 以數據代表彈頭設計在飛行中保留速度的能力, 系數愈大, 表示彈頭保持初速的能力愈好. 影響彈頭飛行速度的主要因素為空氣阻力和黏滯力. 簡寫為BC

Bandolier: 斜佩肩上的子彈帶

Barrel: 槍筒, 槍管

Base: 瞄準鏡座. 用來將瞄準鏡固定於槍械上.

Bayonet: 刺刀、 槍刺。 有刀狀單刃和雙刃設計, 也有製成三梭錐形的簡單式樣。 近代多設計成多功能短刀式樣, 在自動武器普及的情況下, 拚刺刀已經不符實宜。

Bayonet lug: 刺刀座。 有固定於槍管上、 木托上等不同設計。刺刀座

Benchrest: 一種講求絕對精確的步槍射擊競賽. 步槍置於射擊檯上, 有時並不抵肩, 只有扳機手指的接觸. 彈著點常以幾個千分之一吋的差異決定勝負. 其步槍槍匣, 槍管 , 彈藥, 扳機重, 瞄準鏡等都是特製的產品.

Berdan Primer: Hiram Berdan, 美國人, 發明柏丹底火, 底火基座與噴火口與彈殼一體成形, 如要重覆使用彈殼, 必須將底火基座鑽出. 盛行於歐洲和軍事上. (請點擊下圖以開啟動畫視窗)
Bedding: 座床. 在槍托和槍匣的金屬之間, 使用金屬或合成樹脂墊隔, 以減少槍托移動和收縮的影響, 增加射擊精度. 又可分為Glass Bedding 和 Pillar Bedding.

Bipod: 兩腳架.

Blow back: 反衝式. 瓦斯回衝, 任用子彈發射時產生的瓦斯推力, 直接反作用於槍機, 將槍栓後推, 而達到自動作業的目的. (請點擊下圖以開啟動畫視窗)



Bluing: 金屬表面藍化 使用化學藥品強迫鋼鐵表面均勻氧化生鏽, 以產生保護層阻隔空氣, 而達到抗腐蝕的效果. 雖說是藍化效應, 大部份呈現黑色.

Boat Tail, Tapered Heel: 舟尾彈. 在彈頭之後方稍微收縮, 作成有如舟尾的形狀, 符合流體力學的原理, 減少空氣對彈頭凡黏滯(Drag)影響, 長距離飛行時不易偏向, 減少下落距離等. 常用在高級的彈頭設計上. 簡寫為BT.

Bolt: 機簧管, 槍栓

Bolt Action: 槍栓手動式槍機

Bolt Carrier: 槍栓連動座. 近代半自動或全自動武器常用的設計. 是作業系統和槍栓間的介面, 由連動座帶動槍栓遂行上彈, 閉鎖, 開鎖, 退殼等動作.

Boxer Primer: Edward Boxer, 英國人, 發明博舍底火, 底火基座與與底火合而為一, 如要重覆使用彈殼, 只要將底火打出. 盛行於美國, 易於重裝彈藥. (請點擊下圖以開啟動畫視窗)



Break in: 一種使機械零件經由使用, 因而咬合更佳, 穩定其功能的過程. 新的槍械也許有從製造過程殘留的粗糙部份, 或是咬合太緊, 經過一陣使用, 通常是四五百發之後, 有些故障會自行消失, 表現也比較穩定.

Broach Cut Rifling: 拉切式產生來復線. 用多次, 多鑽刀拉過槍管的方式, 逐漸產生所須的來復線陰槽深度. 1950年代, 由Remington 的工程師首創. 現今大多數高品質的槍管用此法生產.

Breech: 後膛, 指槍管在槍膛一端之後.

Breech loader: 後膛槍, 相對於Muzzle loader, 由槍膛一端裝填子彈, 多半使用彈頭和火藥在一起的包裝.

Buck Horn Sight: 牛角式照門. 一種形如牛角的照門, 亦如彎月, 多用在槓桿式步槍上.

Bull Barrel, Heavy Barrel: 重管. 管壁較粗的槍管, 增加槍管的堅硬度及減少射擊時產生槍管過熱的機會.

Bullet: 彈頭, 射擊時投射出槍口的部份.

Bullet Drop Compensator: 彈道修正鈕, 某些光學瞄準鏡上的一種調整鈕, 上有距離刻度, 依彈藥的特性, 選定目標距離後, 自動按照彈道修正彈著點. 簡寫為BDC.

Bullpup: 犢牛式(設計). 將彈匣移到板機後, 槍匣終端抵肩的設計, 大量縮短槍的總長度

Bump Loading:在裝彈匣時,在開口處,以姆指按住一發子彈,將彈匣底往堅實的表面向下一敲,由於慣性力的作用,子彈很容易的進入彈匣,只能用在雙向上彈的彈匣,例如AR、AK及M14等。

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearm: 美國聯邦煙酒槍械局是一個對煙酒槍械徵稅, 執法和釋法的機構. 隸屬於國際院下的財政部. 1972年由稅務局分出. 它有自己的執法人員與FBI和DEA平起平坐. 簡寫為BATF 或ATF.

Butt Plate: 槍托底板.

Button Rifling: 鈕扣式產生來復線. 用高壓將一個形狀和來復線相反的鈕扣狀物體, 擠過槍管內部而產生來復線.




C

Caliber: 口徑. 彈頭的直徑, 常用來形容不同的彈藥或槍械. 但是口徑本身並不能提供完整訊息, 有時幾種彈藥聽來相同但可能有極大的差異. 例如 .30 口徑, .308 和 7.62mm並不代表完全一樣. 反之 .300 和 .308可能是一樣的, 只是一個量的是來復線陰線, 一個量的是來復線陽線.

Cam: 凸輪, 任何機械上的凸起部份, 其功能為將圓周旋轉動作與直線運動互換.

Carbine: 卡賓槍, 馬槍, 是一種槍管較短?重量較輕的步槍。原來是設計給騎兵使用的長兵器. 簡單的定義是短步槍。 其長度隨時代演進而愈來愈短. 目前大概以16吋為分野. 美國在二次大戰時使用的卡賓槍, 是為了在手槍和步槍之間取一折衷, 而創造的一種特別武器.

Cartouche: 圓形烙印. 常見於軍用武器, 為驗收, 接收或配發單位印記.

Case, brass, shell: 彈殼

Case Hardening: 淬火, 金屬表面硬化程序。 槍械中經常承受高壓及易磨損的零件, 置於含碳的媒體中加熱, 達成滲碳目的, 當金屬加熱至高溫時, 急速冷卻於水或油中, 金屬分子會與碳分子在表面形成一層堅硬的保護面, 而其內部仍保持原有的彈性。 撞針通常須經淬火處理。

Center fire: 底火裝在彈殼底部的中央, 必須使用撞針打擊在彈殼底部中心的附近來擊發子彈.

Chamber: 槍膛 槍管可填入子彈之處.

Charging handle: 拉柄. 供射擊者以手拉動槍栓, 以便退殼, 上彈或備檢.

Charge Loading: 橋夾灌裝, 裝填後橋夾棄而不用, 可以隨時用零散的子彈將彈倉加滿。 如Mauser、 M1903A1、 中正式、 SKS等。

Cheek Piece: 墊腮片. 用於步槍槍托上, 墊高臉頰, 使視線與瞄準鏡自然對正.

Cartridge, Ammunition, Ammo: 槍子, 子彈



Choke: 一種裝在散彈槍口內膛的圓管, 多為旋入式, 用來控制規律散彈分部區的大小, 以配合射擊的目標. 有Full, Modified, Improved, Cylinder等. Full Choke密度最大, 在40碼時, 65%-75%會集中在一個30吋的圓周內, Cylinder最分散, 40碼時, 25%-35%會集中在一個30吋的圓周內. 越小的獵物用越分散的Choke.

Chrome Lined, Chrome Plated: 鍍鉻. 鉻的硬度極高, 抗腐蝕性強, 潤滑性也較鋼鐵為佳, 所以許多軍用武器在槍膛中鍍鉻或在整支槍管內部鍍鉻.

Chronograph: 測速儀. 現代測速儀多使用電子鐘及感光器偵測彈頭進入及離開之瞬間以決定其飛行速度. 由彈頭飛行速度綜合其他數據可估算出其彈道.

Cleaning Rod: 通槍條

Click: 刻度. 原意為響聲, 在調整瞄準鏡以修正目標點時, 一個刻度俗稱為一個Click, 有時為1/4 MOA, 有時為 1/8 MOA, 視裝備而定. 美語中稱小集團為Click.

Clip: 連珠子盒, 漏夾、 橋夾(現今有時與Magazine混用, 在插入式彈匣還不常見的時代, 備用的子彈通常裝在彈筴上, 以便需要時可以一次性的壓入彈倉, 同時可以裝填多發子彈. 其中又可以分為 Charge Loading 和 Clip Loading)

Clip Loading: 漏夾, 彈夾裝填, 裝彈時彈筴跟著進入彈倉, 每次裝填固定的數目, 不能在射擊中加滿; 子彈用盡後, 漏夾彈出或落出。 如M1888、 漢陽造、 Mannlicher M1886/88/95、 M1 Garand等。

Collimator, Bore Sighter: 槍瞠歸零器. 使用光學原理, 產生一百碼的目標投影, 用來將槍管延伸線與光學瞄準鏡校正於同一點. 是快速歸零的利器. 但此法不考慮彈道弧線, 因此尚須以實際射擊作最後校正.



Composite: 混成材料. 一般汎指人工合成的材料, 用在手槍的槍身(Glock首開先河), 步槍的槍托(AR-15為首, 德國在二次大戰時, 曾經試驗過但未量產)和彈匣等. 如石墨(Graphite), Kevlar, 環氧基樹脂(Epoxy)和玻璃纖維(Fibre Glass)等.

Computer Aid Design/Manufacturing: 電腦輔助設計和製造. 使用電腦軟體來設計產品及生產, 可大幅縮短研發新產品時間, 易於修改及取得極佳的標準性. 簡寫為CAD/CAM.

Computer Numerical Control: 電腦數位控制. 以電腦數據為依據, 控制生產工具製造產品的程序. 簡寫為CNC.

Corrosive ammunition: 腐蝕性彈藥. 彈藥的腐蝕性來自所用的底火, 起爆藥中含有氯酸鉀, 發射之後分解殘留的氯化鉀和食鹽氯化鈉非常相近, 會吸附空氣中的溼氣而產生腐蝕金屬的結果. 1950年起美國軍方不再製造腐蝕性彈藥. 相對於Non-corrosive ammunition.

Cold Forge: 冷鍛造

Counter-bore: 在槍口部位, 將來復線磨去, 同時加大槍管內徑。 其目的為:1. 修正損壞的Crown、 2. 附加槍口裝置以符合法律規定、 3. 補助前膛火器裝彈。

Crown: 一種特別槍管終端處理的方式, 使各來復線正常而平均的終止, 槍口並且稍為凹陷為斜坡或成山谷狀, 以保護來復線. 在較好的槍械上, 特別還將來復線末端的陰線槽加深, 使彈頭在出口時, 瓦斯汽均勻的向各方向洩出, 由於對彈頭出口時的飛行路線有影響極大, 是高精確度槍械的一個要素.



Cryogenic: 冷處理(槍管)。 使用華氏零下300度的環境來冷卻金屬, 解除內部結構壓力, 多用於槍管上, 據說可以增進精確度5到30%, 並延長槍管有效壽命, 減少射擊時產生的金屬污染。

Curio & Relic FFL: 古董和紀念品類武器執照. BATF出版一個古董和紀念品類武器(Curio and Relic)清單, 任何人都可以申請一張執照(Curio & Relic FFL- C&R FFL), 每三年只付 $30。 可以越州購買清單上的武器。 一般而言, 製造日期在五十年以上的槍械, 都名列其上。

Cut Off: 上彈中斷裝置. 許多早期的連珠槍, 有中斷彈匣上彈的裝置, 當敵人仍遠時, 打一發裝一發, 只有在近戰時, 才用彈匣作快速射擊. 在廿世紀初的軍用步槍上相當常見. 現今的Steyr Scout Rifle上仍有此一裝置.

Cut Rifling: 切削式產生來復線. 使用單一鉤狀切刀, 慢慢的, 一條一條的製出來復線, 是最早的生產方式. 如今只有最精密, 最高級的槍管以此種方式生產.

Prolix
02-21-2006, 01:29 AM
Perhaps someone can post a link to a webpage with a firearms glossary in English. That might be what tiengulden is looking for.

tiengulden
02-21-2006, 01:52 AM
http://img139.imageshack.us/img139/994/temp0lw.jpg

tqtran
02-21-2006, 08:38 AM
try www.dictionary.com (http://www.dictionary.com)

rips31
02-21-2006, 12:42 PM
or wikipedia (sp?).

gundoc
02-21-2006, 01:10 PM
guys...taking pics of some of the items listed would be much eaiser....he is not sure of the meaning of the terms in english ...butt plate..center fire ...ect....just do a show and tell .and he should be able to communicate a little better....a pic of a butt plate ...title it butt plate .......a pic of a breach bolt...ect....save the hard ones till he gets the basics

tqtran
02-21-2006, 01:45 PM
It will easier for you to just type the word into baidu.com (http://www.baidu.com) and it will give your the Chinese definition. baidu is the Chinese version of google.

p99guy
02-21-2006, 02:09 PM
He has been a member of silencertests.com since june 05, and never ask them what a pistol was........

http://www.google.com/search?q=tiengulden+&hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&safe=off&start=0&sa=N

rips31
02-21-2006, 02:22 PM
He has been a member of silencertests.com since june 05, and never ask them what a pistol was........

http://www.google.com/search?q=tiengulden+&hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&safe=off&start=0&sa=N
oh, that's very scary to see what you can find about yourself...

Nightrunner
02-21-2006, 02:29 PM
oh, that's very scary to see what you can find about yourself...



weird,,,,,,,mine was this :A comic strip chronicling the adventures of two hapless antisocialites, their amorous pet goat, an evil yet clueless chicken, and an assorted cast of ...
and some crap about a series of books.



I got this screenname from simply running at night alot lol.

tiengulden
02-21-2006, 08:26 PM
Also have in China and similar here of forum, but we are greatly part of to have no contact experience of the weapon.
When we a certain problem creation quarrel of time, my can be got to the United States to look for answer.
Because can provide in the top of Internet concerning various information with detailed weapons of the place all comes from the United States basically.

My coming here be for clear up, does the FiveseveN have a hammer?

btown02
02-21-2006, 08:50 PM
Also have in China and similar here of forum, but we are greatly part of to have no contact experience of the weapon.
When we a certain problem creation quarrel of time, my can be got to the United States to look for answer.
Because can provide in the top of Internet concerning various information with detailed weapons of the place all comes from the United States basically.

My coming here be for clear up, does the FiveseveN have a hammer?
Yes, as we have told you already, it has an internal hammer.

tiengulden
02-21-2006, 08:54 PM
Thanks, affair concerning the internal hammer I have already persuaded them.

"Class 3/NFA Firearms", what's mean?

gundoc
02-21-2006, 08:58 PM
:eek: i googled myself...5 pages !!!

btown02
02-21-2006, 08:58 PM
Thanks, affair concerning the internal hammer I have already persuaded them.

"Class 3/NFA Firearms", what's mean?
That's machineguns, silencers, short barrel rifles and shotguns.

tiengulden
02-21-2006, 09:02 PM
"short barrel rifles"?

btown02
02-21-2006, 09:04 PM
"short barrel rifles"?
Just as it sounds. A rifle with a short barrel. Here that would be a barrel less than 16 inches on a rifle and 18 inches on a shotgun.

btown02
02-21-2006, 09:05 PM
:eek: i googled myself...5 pages !!!
Did it tickle?

gundoc
02-21-2006, 09:14 PM
:D yes it did !!! but those paper cuts are no fun

btown02
02-21-2006, 09:18 PM
:D yes it did !!! but those paper cuts are no fun
You sir are a sick puppy. Welcome to the pound. :D

tiengulden
02-21-2006, 09:27 PM
Why want to limit the length of the barrel?

tiengulden
02-21-2006, 09:34 PM
What differentiation does the "Restricted law enforcement/government use only" that this handgun owns with you have?

gundoc
02-21-2006, 09:39 PM
because if there were no minimum legal barrel lengths hacksaws would have to have a tax stamp

tiengulden
02-21-2006, 09:59 PM
Purchase to the handgun whether also have the law restriction?

panzermk2
02-21-2006, 11:31 PM
What is web location of your forum

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 12:32 AM
http://www.afsbbs.com/index.php?mods=topicdisplay&forumid=4&postid=2244

Where can download the "Cartridges of the World"?

xotech
02-22-2006, 12:46 AM
I need the nomenclature of guns urgentl.
for example "bullet: A usually metal projectile in the shape of a pointed cylinder or a ball that is expelled from a firearm, especially a rifle or a handgun."
Please help me!


http://www.midwayusa.com/guntecdictionary.exe/

Definition for "bullet":
The cartridge component which, when in flight, becomes the projectile, usually made of lead and sometimes covered with a jacket of copper alloy or other metal. Sometimes mistakenly used to describe ammunition.

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 01:13 AM
Very thankful

xotech
02-22-2006, 01:18 AM
http://www.afsbbs.com/index.php?mods=topicdisplay&forumid=4&postid=2244

Where can download the "Cartridges of the World"?



Here are a few articles on catridges below:

http://www.chuckhawks.com/rifles_index_cartridge_articles.htm

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 01:22 AM
Thanks, there so of article I saw.

panzermk2
02-22-2006, 08:46 AM
Checked out his posts. DmL your famous in China. I used Google translater.
Funny thing, a group of gun nuts arguing over a an internal detail of a handgun.
Never seen that before :MM

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 07:14 PM
Usually what do you all dispute here?

jmz5
02-22-2006, 08:11 PM
Usually what do you all dispute here? We dispute just about everything here :D :MM

btown02
02-22-2006, 08:13 PM
We dispute just about everything here :D :MM
Ain't it the truth. :)

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 08:30 PM
Don't dispute, everyone's hand in of all have a gun, make not present to public a gun battle of Hollywood type.

btown02
02-22-2006, 08:35 PM
Don't dispute, everyone's hand in of all have a gun, make not present to public a gun battle of Hollywood type.
We have the peaceful kind of disputes.

jmz5
02-22-2006, 08:36 PM
Ain't it the truth. :)
I believe it is :D

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 08:38 PM
"The Hollywood type" is a joke just!:)

gundoc
02-22-2006, 08:40 PM
i dispute that we dispute our disputes

jmz5
02-22-2006, 08:40 PM
"The Hollywood type" is a joke just!:)that is just a joke, we engage only in peacefull discussions around here. :) mostly :D

jmz5
02-22-2006, 08:42 PM
i dispute that we dispute our disputesyou dispute that we dispute our disputes, well, i dispute that you dispute our disputes. :confused: I better get back to work b4 i catch myself screwing around.

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 08:42 PM
In your reality life whether exist the scene of type in Hollywood?

gundoc
02-22-2006, 08:51 PM
you got me there...i need my tinfoil hat again...cause my brain hurts

jmz5
02-22-2006, 08:53 PM
my brain kicked the back of my head and said stfu, lol :D

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 08:53 PM
Checked out his posts. DmL your famous in China. I used Google translater.
Funny thing, a group of gun nuts arguing over a an internal detail of a handgun.
Never seen that before :MM

Dboy(Admin of that forum)say:"因为没见过实物,有些资料是旧的,新资料没看过,没办法啊。我们的环境可不像老美那样好。"
meaning:"Because we have never seen real object, some data is old, the new data has never seen, can't. Our environment isn't as good as the United States."

jmz5
02-22-2006, 08:56 PM
Dboy(Admin of that forum)say:"因为没见过实物,有些资料是旧的,新资料没看过,没办法啊。我们的环境可不像老美那样好。"
meaning:"Because we have never seen real object, some data is old, the new data has never seen, can't. Our environment isn't as good as the United States."
We do have a nice environment compared to other parts of the world, now only if other countries would follow our lead :)

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 09:08 PM
At future can foresee, private own a gun to pay and will not legalize in China.
Certainly, I think the environment of the United States ain't perfect in every way either.Otherwise, those people of the national legislature mountain can't often make the space revision bill, either what of.

jmz5
02-22-2006, 09:09 PM
i think a post just vanished

jmz5
02-22-2006, 09:12 PM
The United States isn't without its flaws, but its the greatest country in the world in my eyeshttp://www.rosholt-international.bigstep.com/banner_files/1american_flag_and_eagle.jpg

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 09:14 PM
In the world there are some things will not change.

jmz5
02-22-2006, 09:15 PM
everything changes at 1 point or another

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 09:16 PM
philosophy

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 09:18 PM
The United States isn't without its flaws, but its the greatest country in the world in my eyeshttp://www.rosholt-international.bigstep.com/banner_files/1american_flag_and_eagle.jpg

I think the United States is this the most attractive nation is in the world.

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 09:22 PM
The most attractive usually isn't the best!

jmz5
02-22-2006, 09:26 PM
usually not, but in this case i beleive it is, thats just my opinion tho :)

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 09:33 PM
Have blemish just is beautiful.
Certainly the blemish was too many not beautiful.
In the inside of the Chinese language "美国(pronunciation: MEI GUO, meaning:US)" of the typeface meaning be "fine nation".

jmz5
02-22-2006, 09:38 PM
yup

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 09:45 PM
Does everyone know to have the website of the specialized introduction bullet?
I need seek some 30-06 of data.

jmz5
02-22-2006, 09:56 PM
do u just need some info on the round?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.30-06_Springfield

hope this helps :)

tiengulden
02-22-2006, 10:01 PM
The wikipedia introduction was too simple, not enough detailed, the picture was also too little.

jmz5
02-22-2006, 10:22 PM
for more details google (http://google.com) is your friend